Mass Burn or forced incineration plants make up the majority of waste to energy plants around the world. Trash is dumped into a receiving pit and moved into an oxygen rich environment where it is burned to power a steam generator and create electricity. Mass Burn plants are Environmentally Harmful, Expensive to Maintain, and produce Noxious Fumes.
Arc Plasma is a waste management technology that initially showed some promise in the field. Trash is super-heated to approximately 5,000°F eliminating most harmful byproducts normally associated with Mass Burn. However, this is akin to using a sledgehammer to nail a tack and requires almost all the energy produced from the process to operate. The high temperatures also cause equipment breakdowns, creating massive maintenance problems. As a result, Arc Plasma plants export almost no energy to the grid, are expensive to operate, and are economic failures.
The Energy Crisis
As global emissions rise to unsustainable levels it is important to note the current energy generation landscape.
The world’s energy demand is expected to increase 30% in 20 years, the equivalent of adding another China and India.
Currently, 25%of global carbon dioxide emissions come from energy generation.
Wind and Solar technologies are fast becoming cost effective options, however they are variable generation technologies.
Renewable and base load energy technologies are necessary to combat climate change while preserving energy stability.